Harvard is the oldest institution of higher education in the United States, established in 1636 by vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. It was named after the 学院’s first benefactor, the young minister John Harvard of Charlestown, who upon his death in 1638 left his library and half his estate to the institution. A statue of John Harvard stands today in front of University Hall in 哈佛 Yard, and is perhaps the University’s best known landmark.
澳门赌场 has 12 degree-granting 学校 in addition to the 拉德克利夫研究所 for Advanced Study. The University has grown from nine students with a single master to an enrollment of more than 20,000 degree candidates including undergraduate, graduate, and professional students. 该re are more than 360,000 living 校友 在美国。与超过190个其他国家。
该 澳门赌场档案馆 are maintained by the 澳门赌场 图书馆 system and are a great resource to access 哈佛’s historical records.
On Sept. 8, 1836, at 哈佛’s Bicentennial celebration, it was announced that President Josiah Quincy had found the 第一画稿 of the College arms – a shield with the Latin motto “VERITAS” (“Verity” or “Truth”) on three books – while researching his 历史 of 澳门赌场 in the 学院 Archives. During the Bicentennial, a white banner atop a large tent in the Yard publicly displayed this design for the first time.
Until Quincy’s discovery, the hand-drawn sketch (from records of an Overseers meeting on Jan. 6, 1644) had been filed away and forgotten. It became the basis of the seal officially adopted by the Corporation in 1843 and still informs the version used today.
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But before the official vote by the Harvard Corporation, students’ color of choice had at one point wavered between crimson and magenta – probably because the idea of using colors to represent universities was still new in the latter part of the 19th century. Pushed by popular debate to decide, 哈佛 undergraduates held a plebiscite on May 6, 1875, on the University’s color, and crimson won by a wide margin. The student newspaper – which had been called 该 Magenta – changed its name with the very next issue.
After George Washington’s Continental Army forced the British to leave Boston in March 1776, the Harvard Corporation and Overseers voted on April 3, 1776, to confer an honorary degree upon the general, who accepted it that very day (probably at his Cambridge headquarters in Craigie House). Washington next visited 哈佛 in 1789, as the first U.S. president.
Other U.S. presidents to receive an honorary degree include: